Crystals

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General Information

Copper

Copper is a metal and due to its price and electrical properties it's widely used in electronic devices.[1]

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Production Methods

Copper crystals can be made using electrochemical processes like electroplating and electrodeposition. Copper crystals can also be created when dissolving aluminium using copper chloride or copper sulfate in an acid environment. Using the continues melt process, a single crystal can be created with a very high purity.1]

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Chemical & Physical Information

Trivial nameCopper
Chemical nameCopper
Other namesKupfer (DE), Koper (NL,BE)
Type of chemicalElement
SymbolCu
Element number29
Element categoryTransition metals
Group, period, block11, 4, d
CAS number7440-50-8
Crystal systemCubic
Bravais latticeFace-centered (FCC)
Coordination geometryCuboctahedral
Hardness (Mohs)3.0
Young's modulus110-128 GPa
ColourPink to red or brown
LusterMetallic
StreakRed
OpacityOpaque
Safety summarySafe
Safety dataMSDS
Production methodContinuous casting and electrochemical reactions.
StorageNothing special.
Extra-
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Photos

Copper

(3 mm)

Copper

(0.1 mm)

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Sources

[1] Wikipedia

[2] Specimen from my personal collection, photo taken by me.